Dr Osman Tahidu Damba, a Lecturer, at the Faculty of Agribusiness and Communication Sciences, University for Development Studies (UDS), has said Ghana is one of the emerging economies in sub-Saharan Africa due to its continuous economic performance.
He said the cocoa and gold business sectors were the major drivers of Ghana’s economic growth which has been identified by potential investors as the best options for portfolio allocation.
Dr Damba said this during a presentation made on: “Options Market for Ghana’s Investment Drive: A Volatility Transmission and Hedging Approach” at the 13th National Association of Agricultural Economists Conference, Kahramanmaras, Turkey.
The presentation assessed the best investments options among the cocoa and gold sectors with a fluctuating world crude oil price and the continuous weakening of the domestic currency against the US dollar.
Its findings confirmed that with the unstable oil prices, the agriculture and mining sectors are directly influenced by the Cedi’s performance against the US dollar due to the stock market coupled with transportation and production costs.
This, he said, is evident from the significant shocks and volatility transmissions from effective exchange rates alone and in combination with other sectors to cocoa, gold and crude oil prices, adding “oil combines with other sectors to transmit shocks and volatilities to other sectors.”
Dr Damba, who is at the Department of Climate Change and Food Security said, Cocoa presented the best option for investments compared to Gold.
He said this is attributed to improved premium prices for Ghana’s Cocoa, adding that, the oil sector should be an integral part of a diversified portfolio of assets since Ghana has started drilling oil and increased volatility is expected with time.
He said the oil sector will enhance risk adjustment of the hedged portfolios and that Ghana’s government should continue with private-public partnerships of exploring alternative sources of energy for transporting and processing.