The Ghana passport ranks 126 on the Nomad Passport Index covering 199 countries of the world. The methodology looks at five factors to rank the value of citizenship in and, by extension, the passport of the countries.
The highest-ranking country’s passport is that of Sweden with 109 points. The lowest ranking passport is that of Afghanistan with 20.5 points.
The ranking by the Nomad Capitalist, looks at visa-free travel, taxation, perception, dual citizenship and overall freedom. Visa-free travel is 50 per cent, taxation – 20 per cent and perception is 10 per cent. Dual citizenship is 10 per cent and overall freedom is also 10 per cent.
“Each country’s value in each category is given the indicated weighting to achieve a country’s total score using the formula ((Visa Free Travel x 0.5) + (Taxation x 0.2)+ (Perception x 0.1) + (Dual Citizenship x 0.1) + (Overall Freedom x 0.1)),” Nomad Capitalist said.
Ghana has an overall score of 44 points. The passport of Seychelles is the highest-ranking of an African country with 84.5 points and ranks at 56.
The publishers of the Index believe that the most important factor in the value of a passport is the travel opportunities it affords.
“The Nomad Passport Index places the highest priority on visa-free travel, which is responsible for 50 per cent of each country’s total ranking. This Index relied on data from the IATA, the Henley Visa Restrictions Index, and news sources to determine each country’s score, which is the number of countries that allow visa-free access or a straightforward e-visa or visa on arrival process to holders of each country’s passport. For example, Germany scores highest with 177 countries,” the publishers said.
In looking at taxation, the Index took into account a country’s tax regime. Eritrea and the USA scored the lowest of 10. The US taxes its citizens irrespective of where in the world they live and work.
Using the World Happiness Report and the Human Development Index the Index looked at how safe the holders of a country’s passport feel as when they travel around the world as well as the hostility they face outside their countries.
“A ranking if 10 was given to countries whose citizens are refused entry to a substantial number of countries and/or whose citizens encounter substantial hostility. A ranking of 50 was given to countries ranked among the happiest in the world and whose citizens experience minimal hostility,” Nomad Capitalist said.
A country’s passport that allows dual citizenship – that’s citizenship of one other country or multi countries earned the passport higher marks.
Ranking the country’s passports on freedom, the Index looked at the World Press Freedom Index and Economic Freedom Index. It also looked at the factors such as mandatory military service, government spying programmes, incarceration rate, and laws targeting non-resident citizens (such as the United States’ Foreign Corrupt Practices Act).
In July 2016, however, Ghana opened its borders allowing citizens of African countries to get visa-on-arrival at all its entry points.
By Emmanuel K. Dogbevi
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