Ghana ranks low as Namibia, Rwanda and Togo improve in gender gap report 2021

All three countries, Namibia, Rwanda, and Togo have improved their rankings on the Global Gender Gap Report in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2021, while Ghana ranks low, according to a release by the World Economic Forum.

According to the recent report, the top 10 most gender-equal countries in Sub-Saharan Africa closing the gender gap as we enter the new decade were: Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, Burundi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Madagascar, Uganda, and Cape Verde.

The report looked at 153 countries and their progress towards gender parity based on four key areas: economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival, and political empowerment.

Ghana ranked 117th with the gender gap index score of 0.67 in 2021, indicating that females were 33 per cent less likely to have the same opportunities as males in the country.

This placed Ghana in the position 23rd among 35 nations in sub-Saharan Africa.

Data from the report showed that the overall gender gap in Sub-Saharan Africa is 32.7 per cent, as only 67.2 per cent of the gap has been closed so far.

Progress seems stalled, even slightly reversed, such that it will take 121.7 years to close the gender gap.

Gender gaps by country in sub-Saharan Africa

Namibia ranked sixth globally after having closed its overall gender gap by almost 2.5 percentage points in one year to achieve a score of 80.9 per cent.

Namibia had already closed its Health and Survival gap by 98 per cent and 100 per cent of its Educational Attainment gender gap, with twice as many women as men enrolled in tertiary education.

Rwanda ranked seventh globally, also closed 80.5 per cent of its overall gender gap, the highest among Sub-Saharan African countries.

The share of women in senior and managerial roles have doubled since the previous edition.

On Educational Attainment, Sub-Saharan Africa lags the other regions, with only 84.5 per cent of this gap closed to date.

Although six countries (Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Mauritius and Eswatini) have closed 99 per cent of this gap, eight countries have yet to close more than 20 per cent of this gap.

In some locations, women were still denied access to the same education levels as men. Namely, in Angola, Chad, Guinea, Nigeria and Pakistan, gender gaps in primary education enrolment are still as large as 15 per cent or more.

In Angola, for instance, 88.9 per cent of boys are enrolled in primary education versus only 67 per cent of girls, and in Nigeria, only 69.9 per cent of boys and 58.1 per cent of girls are in primary school.

Economic participation

On a more positive note, Sub-Saharan Africa has closed 66.1 per cent of its Economic Participation and Opportunity gender gap, the fifth-best result among the eight regions analysed in this report.

The best performer, Burundi, is 38 percentage points ahead of the lowest-ranked country in the region. Notably, both Togo and Côte d’Ivoire have improved significantly this year.

In both countries, the main driver of the improvement has been a significant increase in the number of women senior officials, as gender parity in senior roles have progressed by 57 percentage points in Togo and 80 percentage points in Côte d’Ivoire.

The five most-improved countries in the overall index this year are Togo, Lithuania, Serbia, Timor-Leste, and United Arab Emirates, having narrowed their gender gaps by at least 4.4 percentage points or more.

Timor-Leste and Togo are also among the four countries (including Cote d’Ivoire and Jordan) that have managed to close their Economic Participation and Opportunity gap by at least 10 full percentage points in one year.

Three new countries have been assessed this year for the first time: Afghanistan, Guyana, and Niger.

Under the global situation, Iceland remained the most equal-gender country for the 12th time followed by Finland, Norway, New Zealand, and Sweden for the top-five positions.

Source: GNA

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