The Ministers, however, left it up to government leaders to strike a consensus on the most contentious issue of carbon emissions reductions.
At a meeting in Luxembourg, a majority of the 27 delegates voted in favour of the new law, which would set out how to achieve a climate-neutral Europe by 2050, including making that target binding.
Negotiations over the legislation can now begin with the European Parliament and the European Commission.
Ahead of the vote, European Commission Vice-President, Frans Timmermans, urged the Ministers to back the law.
“We’re facing not just a pandemic: we’re facing an industrial revolution of incredible proportions … we’re facing a climate crisis that will not go away. And perhaps it might not be the top priority we have today, but it will be one of the top priorities for the decades to come,” he said.
Pascal Canfin, who chairs the parliament’s environment committee, said that his objective was to obtain a political agreement with the commission and parliament on the law before mid-December.
The Ministers held back from a vote on the most contentious proposal to reduce carbon emissions by 55 per cent compared with 1990 levels by 2030.
Parliament wants to increase that target to a 60 per cent reduction compared with 1990 levels.
The issue is highly political, with countries that heavily rely on coal, such as Poland, claiming that the suggested reductions are too high.
EU leaders will attempt to strike an agreement on the matter in December.
The Ministers further adopted a biodiversity strategy, committing to
protect at least 30 per cent of the EU’s land area and 30 per cent of its sea area, a third of which would be “strictly protected.”
European Commissioner for Environment Virginijus Sinkevicius said protecting biodiversity was essential.
“Halting and reversing biodiversity loss is not a choice or a matter of romantic environmentalism, but a social and economic imperative,” he said.