Land as we all know is a very valuable asset known to appreciate in value over time. Some Ghanaians will testify to the fact that the price at which they bought their plots of lands some years ago is not the same currently, were they to buy a plot of land in the same area after some years, they would have to pay a higher price. For this reason, some people buy lands and hold them over time to sell at a higher price in the future.
While this is a very good investment avenue, there are other alternatives which have proven to match or even outperform the returns earned from the land business over the long term here in Ghana and elsewhere – for example stocks or shares.
Owning a stock is simply becoming part owner of a company. In Ghana shares are mainly traded on the Ghana Stock Exchange (some are traded over the counter) through licensed brokers.
Coming back to the main argument, a friend of mine bought a plot of land at Oyibi in the Greater Accra Region in late 2010 for GH¢12,000,the price of the plot of land as at April 2018 stood at GH¢40,000. This shows a price appreciation of approximately 233.3 per cent over the eighty year period (inflation not factored in). For many people, this is a very good return. Comparatively, the share price of Ghana Oil Company Limited (GOIL) at the close of the year 2010 was GH¢0.29. The share price of GOIL at the close of day on April 6, 2018 was GH₵4.99 which shows a capital gain of approximately 1620.7 per cent (inflation not factored in) over the same eight year period, without even taking into account dividends consistently paid by GOIL each year over the period.
To make things clearer, if my friend had invested the same GH¢12,000 he had invested in the land in GOIL shares during the same year in 2010, his investment would have gained an additional GH¢194,484 to be worth GH¢206,484 as at April 6, 2018 which is much higher than the GH¢45,000 the land is currently worth.
In a similar scenario a plot of land was bought at Ho in the Volta region for GH¢1,500 in 2007. The price of the plot as at April 6, 2018 was GH¢7,500 which translates into a price increment of 400 per cent (inflation not factored in). The share price of Ecobank Ghana Ltd (EGH) at the close of year 2007 was GH¢2. The share price of EGH as at the close of day on April 6, 2018 was GH¢11.20 which translates into a capital gain of 460 per cent (inflation not factored in). Using the same process above, the value of EGH shares would be worth GH¢8,400 as at April 6,2018 had he invested a similar amount of GH¢1,500 in EGH shares 11 years ago.
One may argue that share prices rise and fall and it is possible to lose all your initial investment. While this is a true and possible situation, seeking financial advice from industry professionals helps. They can help you select the best and consistently profitable companies on the Ghana bourse that are more likely to outperform or match the returns gained on lands over the long-term.
Moreover, most lands in Ghana are also exposed to risk factors such as multiple sale of the same plot of land to different people leading to litigation which may result in legal costs, loss of investment and in some cases situations with very dire consequences.
In conclusion, buying lands to sell in the future may be a very good investment especially if you buy the land in a rapidly developing area, but my advice is there are equally good investment avenues such as stocks (look for proven profitable companies) which investors especially young investors with a long term perspective can consider in their investment plan.
**Note this article does not factor in depreciation of the cedi and inflation which have a downward effect on but does not override the true value of the figures in the article. In our subsequent write-ups, we will discuss how some good stocks on the Ghana Stock Exchange have outperformed the dollar and consequently beaten the average inflation rate over the years.
By Osei-Yeboah Kwadwo