EU-FAO to step up efforts at combating illegal timber trade
The agreement, aims at improving forest governance and promoting the trade of legally sourced timber.
A statement issued by the FAO, said “doing so is expected to reduce the environmental impacts of illegal logging and also mitigate climate change”.
“It will also boost the income and food security of forest communities by improving access to domestic and international wood markets.”
It said a $30-million funding agreement had been formalised by Veronique Lorenzo of the European Commission Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development, and René Castro Salazar, FAO’s Assistant Director-General for Forestry.
The agreement would support the next phase of FAO’s Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Programme, set to run through 2020.
It said that the sum included approximately $18 million from the EU, $7.25 million from the United Kingdom and $5.3 million from the Government of Sweden.
The FAO said illegal logging and its associated trade cost governments an estimated $10 billion to $15 billion per year in lost tax revenues; stating that it also undermines people’s livelihoods and robs them of income and food.
The statement said that illegal logging was responsible for the degradation of large swathes of carbon-rich forests and vital wildlife habitats, contributing to climate change and biodiversity loss.
It pointed out that a key part of the new phase involved greater collaboration with private sector entities, big and small, in both producer and consumer countries, to address some of the bottlenecks to producing legal timber.
It said this would involve looking specifically at empowering small and medium forest enterprises in Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia, which employ some 140 million people worldwide.
The idea was to help them to “go legal”, gain access to green markets and become active participants in the sustainable management of forest resources.
“Thanks to global initiatives like FLEGT, illegal timber production has declined by an estimated 22 percent since 2002,” said Castro Salazar in the statement.
“The new FLEGT phase offers an important opportunity for lesson sharing across sectors, as it has become increasingly clear that broad partnerships are and will be needed to achieve the global impact that is necessary to reduce forest loss, food vulnerability and mitigate climate change,” he added.
The statement said to date, the FAO FLEGT Programme had supported more than 200 projects in some 40 tropical timber producing countries throughout Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia.
It said some of the most promising initiatives being piloted involved using new technologies to efficiently track the origin of wood.
It said similarly, a logging vehicle tracking system was being piloted by a partner NGO in the Congo Basin countries, including Cameroon, Ivory Coast, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of the Congo to intercept illegal timber at different stages in the forest supply chain.
It is also aimed at facilitating monitoring efforts by forestry authorities and improving accountability and traceability.
FAO said owing to the multiple contributions of forests to provide jobs and income, food and medicine, and critical environmental services, the world’s new international development agenda, included their sustainable management as one of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.