Sub-Sahara Africa records 4.8% growth in 2014 – Bank of Ghana
Sub-Sahara Africa’s economic growth moderated to 4.8 per cent from 5.2 per cent in 2013, the Bank of Ghana has said.
Dr Henry Kofi Wampah, the Governor of Bank of Ghana, said the pace of expansion was slow in some of the larger economies as a result of subdued global demand, soft commodity prices, weak foreign direct investment flows and infrastructure constraints; however, growth was strong in Nigeria and some of the region’s low-income countries.
He said in the January 2015 update of the International Monetary Fund’s World Economic Outlook, global growth remained unchanged at 3.3 per cent in 2014 compared to 2013.
He said, however, that growth was projected to pick up to 3.5 per cent in 2015 and further to 3.7 per cent in 2016.
Dr Wampah said this on Wednesday in Accra during the BoG Monetary Policy Committee press briefing on macroeconomic situation in Ghana against the background of developments in the global economy.
He said in advanced economies, growth was lower than expected in the Euro Area and Japan, however in the United States, apart from a temporary contraction at the beginning of 2014, growth was above potential and reached its fastest pace since 2003.
The Governor indicated that in emerging markets and developing economies growth slowed to 4.4 per cent in 2014, from 4.7 per cent in 2013 reflecting cyclical factors, domestic policy tightening, and political tensions in countries such as China and Russia.
Dr Wampah said global inflation had remained subdued on the back of falling oil prices and weak demand.
He said in the outlook, inflation pressures were expected to remain low due to spare capacity, tighter policies and declining commodity prices.
He said in the international commodity markets, crude oil was projected to average $ 52.8 per barrel.
Dr Wampah said gold prices were projected to average $ 1,276 per ounce in 2015, while cocoa was projected at about $ 2,995 per tonne in 2015, declaring that these developments would have implications for the domestic economy.