The ITU observes that the first decade of the new Millennium saw extraordinary progress made in ICT development globally.
In 2002 only two countries in the world – Israel and Luxemburg had over 100% mobile penetration, however, now, 97 countries have achieved this, while 17 countries have crossed the penetration levels of 150%.
“Mobile cellular penetration in the developing world reached 70% at the end of 2010 – just six years after reaching 70% in the developed world,” the ITU says.
The ITU data shows that global Internet user penetration reached 30% in 2010; Internet user penetration in developed countries reached 30% just nine years earlier, in 2001.
“In the year 2000, Internet user penetration was under 1% in 72 economies. Ten years later, there were just six economies with Internet user penetration under 1%. Internet user penetration in the developing world as a whole reached 21% in 2010,” it adds.
It also says that global Internet penetration in 2010 which stood at 30%, was higher than global fixed lines which was 16% or mobile penetration, which was 12% of telephone penetration in the year 2000.
In 2010, mobile cellular penetration in Africa which is at 45.2% was higher than mobile cellular penetration in the Americas in 2004, that was 42.8%. Meanwhile, the report indicates that mobile cellular penetration in the Americas had grown to 94.5% by 2010.
Internet user penetration in Africa grew over 20-fold in the decade to 2010, from 0.5% to 10.8%. This gave Africa higher Internet user penetration in 2010, than in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) five years earlier. In CIS, meanwhile, Internet penetration grew from 10.2% in 2005 to 34.0% in 2010, it says.
The ITU data however, shows that mobile penetration in Ghana stands at 71.49% in 2010. The number of the population using moble phones it says is 17.4 million (17,436.9) of a population of 24 million. In 2005 there were 2.8 million mobile phone users in Ghana (2,874.6).
The ratio of mobile phones to fixed lines is 62.7:1.
By Emmanuel K. Dogbevi